Founded on October 12th , 1808, Banco do Brasil S.A. was the first banking institution to operate in the country, and in more than 200 years of existence it has accumulated many experiences and produced many innovations, participating in a lively manner in national history and culture.
The brand-name "Banco do Brasil" is one of the most recognised and valued by Brazilians, who recognise in the institution such attributes as solidity, reliability, credibility, security and modernity. Due to its very competitive activities in the markets in which it operates, Banco do Brasil is a profitable company, aligned with social values.
BB's vocation as an instrument of public policies has a focus on the sustainable development of the country and community interests, this being an important differential of the Bank. A differential which can be summarized as Sustainable Regional Development. Through the adoption of economically viable, environmentally correct and socially just practices, the business strategy of Sustainable Regional Development seeks to perfect local economies, generating jobs and guaranteeing incomes in a sustainable, inclusive and participative manner.
In 2010, the year in which the Bank commemorated 202 years of existence, Banco do Brasil remained as the largest financial institution in Latin America, with R$811.2 billion in assets. In addition to this, it has maintained its leadership in various segments of the market, and strengthened its support in the development of the country, as well as consolidating its high standards of Corporate Governance.
In order to ensure its leadership position in a country of continental proportions, Banco do Brasil operates in all the sectors of the financial market – from banking, cards, asset management, to insurance, pensions and saving bonds, as well as an extensive portfolio of products and services, seeking to align these increasingly with the precepts of socio-environmental responsibility.
With a nationwide coverage and a presence in 3,550 Brazilian municipalities through its service network, BB has the largest branch network in Brazil, and intends to set up a branch in every town in Brazil by 2015. In addition to this, once again BB ended the year with the largest park of automated cash machines in Latin America, with 45,000 terminals of its own.
Based in Brasília (DF), Banco do Brasil has a physical presence in 23 countries, and through a network of 1,039 representative banks, it covers 140 countries in all, being the Brazilian bank with the largest service network of its own outside Brazil. The activities of the Bank in other countries are supported by three key factors: (i) the existence of Brazilian communities in other countries; (ii) the internationalization of national companies, and (iii) the expansion of Brazil's commercial relationships with the rest of the world.
BB adopts technologies and processes which keep it at the forefront of the financial market. To this end it invests continuously in the training of its 109,000 employees, helping them to develop a professional career based on satisfaction and growth, preparing them to provide a flexible and quality service to BB's customers, who number more than 54.4 million.
|Banking||Includes deposits, credit operations, among others, focused at the retail and wholesale segments, as well as the government. This is responsible for the most significant tranche of BB's earnings|
|Investments||Includes intermediation and the distribution of debt in primary and secondary markets, as well as in shareholding participations|
|Asset Management||Operations for the purchase, sale and custody of securities, the administration of portfolios, constitution, organization and administration of funds and investment clubs|
|Insurance||Products and services related to life-insurance, property, health and automotive|
|Pensions and Capitalization||Supplementary pension and capitalization products and services|
|Payment means||Services for the transmission, capture, processing and financial settlement of transactions through electronic means|
|Others||Operational support processes, and consortia|
As a conglomerate, Banco do Brasil has 19 subsidiaries, 6 sponsored entities, as well as a stake in 10 companies in strategic businesses for the Company. BB also has stakes in 10 affiliated companies through its investment bank, BB-BI.
|Fdo. Garantia à Exportação||4.8729%|
|Fundo Fiscal de Inv. e Estabilização||2.1848%|
|Fundo Garantidor para Investimentos||0.2622%|
Europe is undergoing rapid changes. Napoleon is sweeping the continent with his armies, overthrowing monarchies and installing republics. The winds of change reach Portugal, forcing the Royal family to flee across the ocean and seek refuge in Brazil. The Prince Regent Dom João, after Dom João VI, arrives in Brazil in May 1808. On October 12 he decrees the creation of the first bank in the country, Banco do Brasil.
In 1817, Banco do Brasil carries out its first public offering of shares in the Brazilian capital markets. In 1819, the first Brazilian stock exchange, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, is built with financing from Banco do Brasil. With the return of Dom João to Portugal and the withdrawal of funds deposited with the Bank, in 1833, thus ends the first phase of Banco do Brasil.
Brazil takes its first steps as an independent nation, having to fight against various economic problems. The strong drop in international sugar prices due to competition from Caribbean countries affects the economy. Politically, the new empire has to guarantee national unity, threatened by separatist regional movements. In this period of severe agitation and heavy challenges, the businessman Inácio Ratton founds Banco Comercial do Rio de Janeiro, in 1838.
Under the Second Empire Brazil begins to enjoy the prosperity of coffee. Irineu Evangelista de Souza, a businessman from Rio Grande do Sul, launches the foundations of various national industries, and receives the title of Baron of Mauá. Among his initiatives is the creation of a new financial institution, called Banco do Brasil, in 1851. Two years later, in the first banking merger in Brazil in history, the Banco do Brasil, of Mauá, merges with Banco Comercial do Rio de Janeiro.
This period is rich and prosperous for Banco do Brasil. In 1854, already showing concern with regard to the recruiting and creation of a better workforce, the bank holds the first public concourse to recruit bank clerks. In 1863 Banco do Brasil becomes the first issuer of national currency. And in September of the following year the bank faces its first crisis: the collapse of the banking house A. J. Alves Souto, Brazil's largest private financial institution. The collapse of Alves Souto is so serious that it affects the market in London, but this crisis is overcome by Banco do Brasil.
In 1866, Banco do Brasil ceases to be the issuer of currency, this task now being the responsibility of the Casa da Moeda (National Mint), and becomes the principal receiver of deposits and the supplier of loans in Brazil. The Bank begins to discount securities and provide loans guaranteed by mortgages. The changes in the Brazilian economy do not go unsupported. Besides the strong expansion in the coffee economy, Brazil begins to take its first hesitant steps on the way to industrialization.
The Abolition of Slavery provokes profound changes in the economy. Slaves must be substituted by salaried workers, substantially increasing the circulation of money and the need for currency. With Abolition, Banco do Brasil begins to finance the replacement of slave labour with European immigrants and animal farming production.
The Abolition of Slavery will mark the start of a movement which will culminate in the Proclamation of the Republic. The new democratic government creates a number of institutions, one of them being Banco da República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil. Four years after the Proclamation, in 1893, it is merged with Banco do Brasil, creating Banco da República do Brasil.
In 1905 the "Republic" disappears. Not the government, but the name of the bank which goes back to being called just Banco do Brasil. The Federal Union assumes shareholder and administrative control of the institution, which has continued up to the present day. The following year, in 1906, Banco do Brasil takes another decisive step in its history, floating its shares on the Stock Exchange. Over a century later, the shares of the Bank are still amongst the most traded on the stock exchange.
The first years of the 20th century are a challenging period for Brazil. In addition to rapid growth in its population as a result of immigration and industrial expansion, particularly during and after the First World War, between 1914 and 1918, the econony has to deal with infrastructure deficiencies, a low level of tax collected by the government, the absence of capital for investment and fluctuation in international coffee prices.
Banco do Brasil plays an active role in this period, capturing savings from the public and financing economic development. In 1926, the stock exchange building in Rio de Janeiro, financed by the bank, becomes its new headquarters. Today the building is the Banco do Brazil Cultural Centre in Rua Primeiro de Março, in the centre of Rio de Janeiro.
The crisis of 1929 provokes strong political changes throughout the world. In Europe, the rise of dictatorship regimes, and in Brazil, the government of Getulio Vargas. In 1937, Banco do Brasil begins to capture private pension funding. The Portfolio for Agricultural and Industrial Credit sells bonds and mortgage notes in the capital markets, together with the Institute for Retirement and Pensions. In 1941, a little after Brazil's entry into the War, the bank begins its international expansion, inaugurating its first branch outside Brazil, in Assunção, Paraguay.
The Second World War, which had the participation of Brazilian "GIs" in Italy, opens up new opportunities for the Brazilian economy. Banco do Brasil goes to war and accompanies the Brazilian troops, opening offices in Rome, Naples and Piemonte in 1944. In the following year, the end of the war and the re-democratization of Brazil brings with it some banking changes. Sumoc (the superintendency for currency and credit) is created, with the aim of exercising control over the currency and preparing the organization of a central bank.
The 50's and 60's are a time of great agitation. Brazil is growing extremely fast, with the introduction of the automobile industry and the reach of the economy in to the interior of the country. The government of Juscelino Kubitschek inaugurates the new capital, Brasília, on April 21st, 1960. On this date, the headquarters of the bank is transferred to the Planalto Central, in the new capital.
The revolution of 1964 profoundly changes the economy. The Banking Reform Law brings an end to Sumoc and creates the Brazilian Central Bank and the National Monetary Council. Banco do Brasil ceases to be responsible for the control of the currency, with this task being transferred to Central Bank. In 1967, Banco do Brasil starts to dedicate its energies to the international markets.
A period of economic growth and significant political moves, the 70's is a decade that sees significant evolution at Banco do Brasil. In 1968, the Bank creates Cheque Ouro (Gold Cheque), the oldest overdraft facility in the market, which enjoys enormous public success. This is also a time of geographical expansion for Banco do Brasil. In 1976, BB inaugurated its thousandth branch in the town of Barra dos Bugres, in Mato Grosso.
The 80's bring economic crisis and political liberalization. In 1985, Banco do Brasil creates the Banco do Brasil Foundation. The following year, BB becomes a complete financial institution, starting to operate in all the segments of the financial markets. The number of product launches accelerates. In 1987, BB diversifies in the retail segment, with the launch of the Ourocard, the first multi-use card in the Brazilian markets.
The 90's are a time of great challenges. In addition to re-democratization, with the advent of direct elections, Brazil begins to tame its persistent inflation which had hitherto disrupted the economy. The participation of Banco do Brasil in this process was very important. In 1994, with the introduction of the Real, BB carries out the largest physical exchange of currency that the world has ever seen, substituting all the currency circulating in Brazil.
The changes also include alterations in structure at the bank, which restructures its management to adapt to the drop in inflation. In 1995, BB introduces a voluntary redundancy program, and invested heavily in modernization. In 1996, the Bank carries out a cleanup of its finances and receives a capital injection of R$8 billion.
In addition to this balance sheet clean-up, the bank also invests in technology. In 1998, Banco do Brasil becomes the first bank to obtain ISO 9002 certification in credit analysis and inaugurates its Technology Centre, one of the most modern and best equipped in the world.
Banco do Brasil arrives in the third millennium faced with the challenges of technology and market globalization. In 2000, BB launches its Internet portal bb.com.br, and becomes the leader in the quantity of Internet banking users being the first bank to launch personalised self-service. The Bank also strengthens its position as an important participant in equity markets. In 2002 it converts its preferred shares into ordinary shares. In 2006, the shares of BB celebrate 100 years of listing on the stock exchange, and the bank becomes part of the São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa) "Novo Mercado" assuming a commitment to raise its free-float to 25%. To this end, after a public share offering in 2006, the Bank carries out two public share distributions: one in 2007 and the other in 2010, when the Bank carried out the largest public share offering in its history. As a result of this last share offering, the free-float reaches 30.4%, and with a participation by foreign investors of 17.5%, the Bank strengthens its capital structure, with the aim of achieving its growth plans.
The alignment of business with the principles of sustainability and development of the country is present in Banco do Brasil's mission and values.
"To be a competitive and profitable bank, promoting the sustainable development of Brazil and fulfilling its public function in an efficient manner".
• Ethics and transparency
• Commitment to the development of communities and the country
• Socio-environmental responsibility
• Respect for the consumer
• Excellence and specialization in client relationships
• Participative management, collegiate decisions and working as a team
• Professional advancement based on merit
• Brand-name with a competitive differential
• A proactive approach in the area of risk management
• Commitment to solidarity, profitability, efficiency and innovation
• Respect for diversity
• Commitment to shareholders and society
Banco do Brasil's "Vision of the Future", updated for the period 2011-2015, maintains its historic commitments:
"To be the number one bank for Brazilians, companies and the public sector, a benchmark reference abroad, the best bank to work for, recognised for its performance, long-lasting relationships and socio-environmental responsibility."
The Bank believes that every new business opportunity, every challenge faced and every decision taken in harmony with this Vision, will guide the Organization in the direction of growth and the performance expected by shareholders, society, the client and all its employees and stakeholders.
The only bank to be a participant in the BM&FBovespa Novo Mercado, which establishes more demanding corporate governance principles, as well as being a leader in the main areas of operation of the banking sector.
• Clients: 54.4 million clients and 35.9 million current accounts, with 33.8 million accounts held by private individuals and 2.1 million by companies;
• Total deposits: R$376.8 billion1. Banco do Brasil is also the leader in judicial deposits – in December 2010 it held a total of R$64.7 billion of this type of deposit;
• Total assets: R$811.2 billion, being the largest financial institution in Latin America1;
• Asset management2: R$372.3 billion corresponding to 21.9% of the market through its wholly-owned subsidiary BB DTVM, according to ranking figures from Anbima;
• Loan portfolio3: R$388.2 billion;
• Payroll credit: balance of R$44.9 billion and market share of 32.7%;
• Agribusiness: the bank's agribusiness portfolio amounted to R$75 billion, up 12.9% compared to 2009. BB has 60.6% of the market, operating in all areas of this segment, and right through the production chain, from the small producer to large agro-industrial companies;
• Leader in loans passed on from the BNDES with 19.4% of this market, and total accumulated funds paid out of R$18.2 billion;
• Foreign trade: US$ 12.6 billion in Advances on Exchange Contracts (ACC) and Advances on Export Contracts (ACE) and a market share of 33.6%. Volume of US$ 57.1 billion in the export exchange market and US$ 42.7 billion in the import market, which calculates out at a respective market share of 31% and 24%.
1 According to the ranking of the consultancy firm Economática as of December 31st, 2010
2 Includes Banco Votorantim
3 Includes guarantees and pride it TVM
|On December 31st|
|R$ million, except percentages||2008||2009||2010|
|Total Funding (1)||298,745||381,944||401,205|
|Net loan portfolio(2)||210,181||281,231||340,169|
|Cash and equivalents(1 - 2)||88,564||100,713||61,086|
|Potential for expansion(3)||29.6%||26.4%||12.5%|
|Margin for leverage(4)||108,100||104,600||110,700|
(1) Total deposits + pass-ons in Brazil + financial and development funds + subordinated debt + funds raised abroad (-) compulsory deposits.
(2) Loan portfolio (-) PCLD.
(3) Cash and equivalents/total funding.
(4) Division of the excess Reference Equity: difference between the Reference Equity of the bank (Capital Level I and II) and the Net Equity required for the calculation of the Basel Index: by the minimum percentage of capital demanded (11.0%), for Basel Index purposes.
Source: Consolidated financial information of the bank..